Ibs (IBS) is not a disease per se but a functional disorder. As yet, the medical community does not have a definite answer why and exactly how it happens but I have my own theory, not from a skilled medical perspective but from a sufferer’s perspective. I think that the most important thing to know is that IBS is not terminal. The effects by IBS symptoms are what cause us (IBS sufferers) all the pain, discomfort and suffering.
On a bigger view, it is estimated that IBS affects about 30% of the world’s people. It can range from mild and infrequent attacks, to much more serious hospital care. This percentage is expected to increase because of the processed foods and increasingly unhealthy lifestyle among humans.
At this time, IBS is diagnosed via test elimination and warning sign guideline called “Rome III Diagnostic Criteria” (some these guidelines defer) but generally, if you have suffered
“Stomach discomfort or abdominal pain 3 days in a month for the last 3 to 4 months and this is relieved by having bowel movements. Another possibility is noticeable change in stool form and frequency”
Before one could conclude one has IBS, it is best to get an endoscopy and colonscopy, and other tests done especially the H-Pylorii test. The moment these are eliminated, and the symptoms persist, then it is likely for being IBS.
In the IBS world, there are generally two classifications – IBS diarrhea (IBS-D) and IBS constipation (IBS-C). Sometimes one can suffer both, and it changes but predominantly a person will suffer on type.
Some other common symptoms usually are excessive burping, flatulence (usually with bad smell) in addition to extensive bloating. This is common for both IBS-D or even IBS-C.
I find that the most pressing issue with IBS afflicted people is pain management. I use to control this without presenting much thought to long term strategy. This can be defeating because i’m just fixing a problem and attempting to learn to manage all of our IBS. We have to realize that IBS is not going to leave us every time soon, so a long term perspective is needed.